Mexico has given up the most in this latest iteration of the USMCA, although the trade agreement is also the largest for the country. Mexico had already agreed to change its laws, but Democrats and unions wanted better enforcement mechanisms. A bipartisan majority in the House of Representatives on Thursday approved the U.S. Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), bringing President Donald Trump`s trade deal closer to its implementation. In a rare move for a Thursday in the Senate – typically on the last day of the weekly session, when senators rush to retrieve flights to the district – lawmakers stayed in the chamber after the vote. ”I never thought I`d vote for a trade deal during my tenure in the Senate, much of which I wrote,” said Senator Sherrod Brown, a Democrat from Ohio, whose vote in favor of the pact was his first in favor of a trade deal in a quarter of a century. Brown welcomed the move after the language of labour application developed by him and Senator Ron Wyden, a Democrat from Oregon, was included in the final agreement. But Ottawa and Washington hammered out their disagreements on issues such as milk settlement and dispute resolution, and the U.S. Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) was born. (Also known as CUSMA in the north or T-MEC in the south.) Foreign trade: U.S.-China trade agreements: The Trump administration abandons China`s name as a currency manipulator. A provision ”prevents any party from enacting laws that restrict the cross-border flow of data.”  Compared to NAFTA, the USMCA increases environmental and labour standards and encourages domestic production of cars and trucks.
 The agreement also provides up-to-date intellectual property protection, gives the U.S. more access to the Canadian milk market, imposes a quota for Canadian and Mexican auto production, and increases the customs limit for Canadians who purchase U.S. products online from $20 to $150.  The full list of differences between USMCA and ALEFTA is listed on the Website of the United States Trade Representative (USTR).  The USMCA covers more than 1000 billion euros in trade and a replacement of NAFTA will end the uncertainty for businesses. According to the U.S. government`s own economic estimates (which came out in April before the new revisions), the benefits of the USMCA are modest: a GDP increase of 0.35 percent and only 176,000 jobs earned.