Ad Referendum An ad referendum agreement means an agreement reached by the negotiators around the table, subject to the subsequent approval of their governments. Exchange of notes A common type of recording of a chord. The content of the notes is of course agreed in advance by the two nations participating in the exchange. In international matters, Accreditation is the agreement of a State to receive members of a diplomatic representation of a foreign country. Modus Vivendi A temporary written agreement of a provisional nature, until negotiations on more definitive agreements. Explanation This can have two very different meanings in diplomacy. This can, of course, first mean a unilateral declaration by a State ranging from an expression or policy to a declaration of war. It may also mean a joint declaration by two or more States having the same binding effect as a treaty. In this context, declarations may be annexed to a treaty, either as an autonomous right or as an additional agreement or interpretation.
Extraterritoriality The exercise of certain sovereign functions in the territory of another State by a nation under formally concluded agreements. A limitation of the competence of the latter State in certain areas and/or on certain specific points. Diplomat He has the same meaning as ”diplomat”. An outdated word, today rarely used in spoken diplomacy, but which still appears occasionally in the literature of diplomacy. Convention An agreement between two or more States, often more, on matters of common interest. Although it is purportedly used for minor matters compared to what is provided for in a treaty, it often deals with important issues, indeed, of international postal laws and copyright, for example the law of the sea. Treaty A formal agreement between countries, binding on both parties. The term comes from traitors to negotiate.
Alternate When an agreement is signed between two States or between several States, each signatory shall keep an official copy for him. Alternat refers to the principle that the proper name of a federal State should appear in its own official copy before the other signatory or signatories. It is a practice developed centuries ago to deal with sensitivities about primacy. Press release A brief public summary statement issued following important bilateral or multilateral meetings. These tend to be boring and full of standard phrases such as ”full and open discussions” and something like that. On occasion, reaching an agreement on the communiqué turns out to be the most difficult part of the meeting. These agreements are essential for international relations. Diplomats strive to ensure that relations between countries run as smoothly as possible. This sometimes means that they have to tackle difficult topics directly.
In doing so, they take into account local practices and sensitivities to ensure that their efforts produce maximum effect. To succeed, diplomats must listen carefully to what their colleagues are saying and find points of convergence that can overcome differences. And they must start the discussions with a clear objective and a clear strategy, which can be exchanged to reach an agreement. In negotiations, diplomats often use rewards – such as the promise of a new trade, an arms sale or the delivery of food – to promote a deal. If diplomatic interests come into conflict and there is a deadlock, negotiators could threaten sanctions – for example. B the restriction of trade or travel, the cessation of financial aid or an embargo – to convince the other parties to accept an agreement. International agreements on diplomatic immunity are contained in the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. For example, the host State is not allowed to prosecute diplomats and must protect them with their families and property.
The main objective of the Convention is to enable diplomats to carry out their work freely in the host State. . . .