The deal announced Wednesday in Jerusalem by Jason Greenblatt, the U.S. representative for the Middle East, would give the Palestinian territories about a quarter of their annual water needs, at a reduced rate. Greenblatt said Israel, whose own desalination facilities resulted in excess water, would sell up to 33 million cubic meters to the Palestinian Authority as part of the final deal signed Thursday. According to officials and analysts, the water deal is essential for residents of the Israeli-occupied West Bank and the Gaza Strip. On December 9, 2013, senior Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian officials signed a water-sharing agreement in the form of a Memorandum of Understanding, announced as a milestone in cooperation between all parties concerned. The agreement was formalized at the World Bank headquarters and signed by Minister H.E. Silvan Shalom for Israel, Minister Hazim El-Naser for Jordan and Minister H.E. Shaddad Attili for the Palestinian Authority. In the MoU, there are three major regional water-sharing initiatives that will contribute to the management of scarce water resources in the region and contribute to the development and discovery of new water resources. The agreement provides for the construction of an 80 million cubic meter seawater desalination plant in Aqaba, on the Red Sea, to provide water shared between the three units represented and also provides for an increase in water sales from Israel`s Lake Tiberias to Jordan. The Red Sea Conduit, also known as the Canal of the Two Seas, will carry water from the Red Sea north and hopefully slow the drying up of the Dead Sea. The water-sharing agreement reached on Thursday provides for a desalination plant in Jordan`s Aqaba to sell water to southern Jordan and Eilat, while water from the Lake of Galilee is sold to northern Israel and Jordan.
Israel will sell 32 million cubic meters of water to the Palestinian Authority from Mediterranean desalination facilities – 10 million in Gaza and 22 million in the West Bank – said Bromberg, whose organization is heavily involved in research and representation of water interests. It is an international agreement signed not only by Israel and the Palestinians, but also by the United States, Russia, the European Union, Norway, Jordan and Egypt. The Israeli-Palestinian Joint Water Committee (JWC) was established in September 1995 as part of the Oslo II Accords. Originally, it was to be a temporary body for a transitional period of five years.   Its mission is to monitor water resources in the West Bank, with the exception of water from the Jordan River. Since 2014, the JWC is still in force. However, Palestinians are deeply suspicious that interim agreements on economic issues are being used by Israel as an ointment to indefinitely delay progress on a state agreement. ”We have all proven in this room that water can serve as a means of reconciliation, prosperity, cooperation, instead of being a cause of tension and quarrels.” ”It will provide a considerable amount of water to Jordan, Israel and the Palestinians,” Hanegbi said. ”Let me interrupt you to save time. We`re only answering questions about the Red Dead (Water) project,” said Greenblatt, who was legal counsel for Trump`s company before being appointed special representative for international negotiations. Some analysts of the peace process have suggested that the parties focus on piecewise agreements such as Thursday`s agreement, which will improve the lives of Palestinians in the near future and build confidence to ultimately reach the ”ultimate” peace agreement, which would create a two-state solution for Israelis and Palestinians. .